The Austrian Council on Robotics and Artificial Intelligence is an advisory board of the Austrian Ministry for Climate Action, Environment, Energy, Mobility, Innovation and Technology (BMK, formerly BMVIT) whose recommendations are available to all Austrians. It consists of experts on robotics and artificial intelligence from research, teaching and industry and identifies and discusses current and future opportunities, risks and challenges arising from the use of robotics and autonomous systems (RAS) as well as artificial intelligence (AI). In the White Paper, the Council identifies top priorities for developing a smart strategy for robotics and artificial intelligence.
Robots are machines that perform tasks partially or completely independently. Due to the increasing cognitive abilities of robots, they are sometimes called “autonomous cognitive systems”. These include industrial robots or robots in the service sector, self-driving cars, social or medical robots, assistance systems and software agents.
The developments in the fields of robotics and AI, for example, have the potential to improve the quality of life of many people with prevention and precise diagnostics for all population groups, to increase the international competitiveness of Austria and to improve the quality of life of the population.
Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to systems that display “intelligent” behaviour by analysing their environment and taking actions – with some degree of autonomy – to achieve specific goals. AI-based systems include voice assistants, image analysis software, search engines as well as speech and face recognition systems. AI can also be embedded in hardware devices like advanced robots, autonomous cars, drones. We are using AI on a daily basis, e.g. to translate languages, generate subtitles in videos or to block email spam.
Many AI technologies need data in order to improve their performance. Once they perform well, they can help support and automate decision making in this domain.
In order to make the most of the possibilities offered by robotics and AI and to ensure that all people can benefit from these technologies, joint efforts by politics, business and society are required.
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